CIBSE Lifts Group

Publications




 

CIBSE Guide D: Transportation Systems in Buildings 2015

 

Since its inception, Guide D has become the de facto reference for many people involved in the broad and varied world of vertical transportation. The Guide provides the reader with a wealth of information and recommendations on key issues relating to vertical transportation systems. The Guide is not only a key source of information for those who work within the vertical transportation industry but is also a valuable source of information for architects, developers and those involved in the management of estates and individual buildings.

 

 This fifth edition of CIBSE Guide D is the result of extensive review and revision by a dedicated and enthusiastic team comprising lift and escalator specialists and building service engineers. This Guide is very comprehensive, covering the whole spectrum of interior circulation, planning and design, selection of equipment and performance, computer programmes, types of systems, legislation, fire and safety, requirements for persons with disabilities, lift components, lift traffic controls, escalators and moving walkways (passenger conveyors), energy consumption, electrical systems and environmental conditions.

 

 The purpose of  Guide D is to provide guidance to practitioners involved in such systems. The Guide should also be of interest to architects and developers, along with facilities and building managers who may not be directly concerned with the design and installation of lifts and escalators but need to understand the advice offered to them by specialists. Not least, the Guide should be of value to students embarking on a career in mechanical, electrical or building services engineering and those already practising in these disciplines who wish to enhance their knowledge through a programme of continuing professional development.

 

 It is important that people, goods and equipment are moved safely and efficiently. This latest edition of CIBSE Guide D will help meet those objectives.

 

Contents:

 

1 Introduction

 1.1 Purpose of Guide D

 1.2 Recent developments

 1.3 Contents of Guide D

 1.4 Other sources of information

 References

 

2 Interior circulation

 2.1 General

 2.2 Symbols and definitions

 2.3 Signing convention

 2.4 Human factors

 2.5 Circulation elements

 2.6 Circulation in particular types of buildings

 2.7 Location and arrangement of transportation facilities

 2.8 Facilities for persons with disabilities

 2.9 Pedestrian movement modelling

 References

 

3 Fundamental traffic planning and selection of equipment

 3.1 Introduction

 3.2 Symbols

 3.3 Definitions

 3.4 Signing convention

 3.5 Traffic patterns

 3.6 Four important equations

 3.7 Quality of services: the handling capacity of a lift installation

 3.8 Sizing of office lift installations

 3.9 Worked example of design calculations

 3.10 Frequently asked questions in the evaluation of rtt

 3.11 Passenger times during uppeak traffic demand

 3.12 Traffic conditions other than uppeak

 3.13 Selection of equipment with respect to lift function

 3.14 Equipment selection with respect to building form

 3.15 Equipment selection with respect to building function

 3.16 Review of all traffic conditions

 3.17 Finally

 References

 Appendix 3.A1: Table of values of H and S

 Appendix 3.A2: Use of spreadsheets for calculation

 

4 Advanced planning techniques and computer programs

 4.1 Introduction

 4.2 Advance round trip time calculations

 4.3 Simulation

 4.4 Describing traffic

 4.5 Measuring traffic

 4.6 Theoretical simulation templates

 4.7 Simulation templates derived from traffic surveys

 4.8 Other considerations

 4.9 Uppeak design example

 4.10 Simulation applied to modernisation

 4.11 Comparing simulation with round trip time calculation results

 4.12 Traffic analysis and simulation software

 4.13 Epilogue

 References

 Appendix 4.A1: Symbols and formulae

 

5 Types of transportation systems

 5.1 Introduction

 5.2 Passenger lifts

 5.3 Goods passenger lifts

 5.4 Goods only lifts

 5.5 Observation lifts

 5.6 Service lifts

 5.7 Motor vehicle lifts

 5.8 Rack and pinion lifts

 5.9 Lifts for other purposes

 5.10 Future concepts

 References

 Appendix 5.A1: Car, well, headroom, pit and machine room sizes

 

6 Firefighting lifts and evacuation lifts for people with disabilities

 6.1 Introduction

 6.2 Need for firefighting lifts

 6.3 Design considerations for firefighting lifts

 6.4 Testing and maintenance of firefighting lifts

 6.5 Evacuation lifts for persons with limited mobility

 6.6 Design considerations for evacuation lifts

 6.7 Using lifts for general evacuation

 References

 

7 Lift components and installation

 7.1 Introduction

 7.2 Electric traction drives

 7.3 Hydraulic drives

 7.4 Controller cabinet

 7.5 Guide rails

 7.6 Counterweight

 7.7 Lift car

 7.8 Door operators

 7.9 Door configurations

 7.10 Overspeed governors

 7.11 Safety gear

 7.12 Buffers

 7.13 Uncontrolled upward movement device

 7.14 Suspension systems

 7.15 Roping systems

 7.16 Car and landing features and inspection controls

 7.17 Guarding

 References

 

8 Lift drives and controls

 8.1 Introduction

 8.2 Lift controllers

 8.3 Controller technology

 8.4 Control of lift drives

 8.5 dc motor control technologies

 8.6 ac motor control technologies

 8.7 Harmonic-related issues

 8.8 Energy saving considerations

 8.9 Passenger evacuation: mains power failure

 8.10 Unintended car movement (ucm)

 8.11 Control of hydraulic drives

 8.12 Control of door operators

 8.13 Electromagnetic compatibility, environment and reliability

 References

 

9 Lift traffic control

 9.1 The need for lift traffic control

 9.2 Single lift traffic control

 9.3 Purpose of group traffic control

 9.4 Types of traffic control algorithms

 9.5 Advanced group traffic controller features

 9.6 Other features of group traffic control systems

 9.7 The effect of the traffic control algorithm on traffic design

 9.8 Design case study

 9.9 Installation case study

 9.10 Improvement verification case study

 References

 

10 Escalators and moving walks

 10.1 Introduction

 10.2 Definitions, commonly available equipment and duty

 10.3 Principal components

 10.4 Installation planning

 10.5 Drive systems, energy usage and safety devices

 10.6 Modernising escalators and moving walks

 10.7 Testing and commissioning

 10.8 Operating escalators and moving walks

 10.9 Actions after an accident involving an escalator or moving walk

 10.10 Escalators and moving walks and LOLER

 References

 

11 Transport facilities for people with disabilities

 11.1 Access for everyone

 11.2 Disability or impairment?

 11.3 Summary of the Equality Act 2010

 11.4 Building Regulations Approved Document M

 11.5 Equipment selection to meet user needs

 11.6 Environmental considerations

 11.7 Equipment provision

 11.8 Escalators and passenger conveyors

 11.9 Egress for persons with disabilities

 11.10 Selection of lifting devices

 References

 Appendix 11.A1: Summary of the principal requirements of BS EN 81-70

 

12 Electrical systems and environmental conditions

 12.1 Introduction

 12.2 Electrical power supplies for lifts

 12.3 Lift power factor correction

 12.4 Protection of supplies

 12.5 Standby power

 12.6 Secondary power supplies for firefighting and evacuation lifts

 12.7 Isolating switches, lighting and socket outlets

 12.8 Electromagnetic compatibility and harmonic distortion

 12.9 Cabling and wiring

 12.10 Machinery space environment

 12.11 Lift well environment

 12.12 Lift car environment

 12.13 Human comfort considerations

 12.14 Environment for maintenance

 12.15 Lightning protection

 References

 Appendix 12.A1: Schedules for electrical systems requirements

 

13 Energy consumption of lifts, escalators and moving walks

 13.1 Energy consumption and energy efficiency

 13.2 Symbols

 13.3 Signing convention

 13.4 Energy consumption of lifts

 13.5 Energy consumption of escalators and moving walks

 13.6 Classification according to ISO

 13.7 Conclusions

 References

 Appendix 13.A1: Example format for calculation spreadsheet

 

14 Lift emergency alarms, data logging, monitoring and traffic surveys

 14.1 Reason for remote alarms and remote monitoring

 14.2 Remote lift alarms

 14.3 Lift monitoring

 14.4 Traffic surveys

 14.5 Escalators and moving walks

 References

 

15 Commissioning, preventative maintenance, thorough examination and testing of lifts, escalators and moving walks

 15.1 Introduction

 15.2 Commissioning

 15.3 Preventative maintenance

 15.4 Thorough examination and tests

 15.5 Documentation

 References

 

16 Upgrading of safety, performance and equipment for existing lifts

 16.1 Introduction

 16.2 Relevant legislation, standards and codes of practice

 16.3 Undertaking modifications to existing lift installations

 16.4 Important considerations when undertaking modifications to existing lifts

 16.5 Step-by-step approach to improving the safety of existing lifts

 16.6 Summary of modifications undertaken to existing lifts

 16.7 Tests and records

 References

 
17 European Directives, legislation, standards and codes of practice

 17.1 Important note

 17.2 European Directives

 17.3 Acts of Parliament

 17.4 Regulations

 17.5 Standards and codes of practice

 References

 

18 Construction (Design and Management) Regulations 2015

 18.1 Background

 18.2 Where to obtain information

 18.3 The CDM Regulations

 18.4 Guidance to CDM 2015

 

Appendices

 Appendix A1: Glossary of terms

 Appendix A2: Lift kinematics

 Appendix A3: Legislation, standards etc. related to lifts, escalators and moving walks

 

Index

 

 

CIBSE Guide D can be ordered online from the Publications section of www.cibse.org